"Article XIII of the South Carolina Constitution of 1868 provided for a militia comprised of "all able-bodied male citizens of the State between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, except such persons as are now, or may hereafter be, exempted by the laws of the United States." S.C. Statute 1869(14)215, An Act to Organize and Govern the Militia of the State of South Carolina, ratified on March 16, 1869, exempted government officials; clergymen; firemen; "practicing physicians, professors, teachers, and students in colleges, academies and common schools"; soldiers and sailors in the armed forces of the United States and those who had been honorably discharged from such service; and "Idiots, lunatics, paupers, and persons convicted of infamous crimes." General Order No. 1 dated May 3, 1869, in an order book containing general and special orders, 1869-1876, in Series S192084 defines the procedure for exemption."
SCOPE NOTE: This series consists of militia enrollment books for individual counties in South Carolina. The enrollments were made between June and December of 1869. County volumes are subdivided by township. The lists of male citizens in each township are divided into two categories, those between the ages of eighteen and thirty and those between thirty and forty-five. Information includes name, age, occupation, place of residence, and race. The entries for the city of Columbia include street names under place of residence. The Williamsburg County volume includes the name of landowner, head of household or plantation name under residence. The volumes for Horry, Orangeburg, Laurens, and Oconee counties apparently do not survive. The Charleston volume includes only wards one through three and a part of ward four.
For more information on the 1869 South Carolina Militia List click here.